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Singapore: Xi Jinping  Taiwanese leader shake hands during historic meeting01:23

Singapore: Xi Jinping Taiwanese leader shake hands during historic meeting

Singapore, Singapore
November 7, 2015 at 22:34 GMT +00:00 · Published

Chinese President Xi Jinping shook hands with Taiwanese leader Ma Ying-jeou in Singapore on Saturday, making history by becoming the first leaders of the two countries to meet since 1945, when revolutionary communist Mao Zedong met with nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek for high-profile talks in Chongqing.

The two leaders shook hands for around a minute before leaving the main hall and entering a separate room with their delegations, where the two parties negotiated Cross-Strait peace and worked to strengthen bilateral trade ties. Xi Jinping reportedly called for “unity” in the meeting, emphasising the “brotherhood” between China’s mainland and Taiwan.

Beijing views the island of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, as a renegade province and operates within a foreign policy framework in which the reintegration of the island into the mainland is prioritised, referred to nationally as the One-China principle. For example, in order to establish and maintain diplomatic relations with Beijing, a partner must first relinquish official relations with the Taiwanese government.

Of the 193 member states of the United Nations, just 21 officially recognise Taiwan, with the United States having its official relations terminated after it shifted diplomatic recognition to the People's Republic of China during the Sino-Soviet split in 1979.

Singapore: Xi Jinping  Taiwanese leader shake hands during historic meeting01:23
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Chinese President Xi Jinping shook hands with Taiwanese leader Ma Ying-jeou in Singapore on Saturday, making history by becoming the first leaders of the two countries to meet since 1945, when revolutionary communist Mao Zedong met with nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek for high-profile talks in Chongqing.

The two leaders shook hands for around a minute before leaving the main hall and entering a separate room with their delegations, where the two parties negotiated Cross-Strait peace and worked to strengthen bilateral trade ties. Xi Jinping reportedly called for “unity” in the meeting, emphasising the “brotherhood” between China’s mainland and Taiwan.

Beijing views the island of Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, as a renegade province and operates within a foreign policy framework in which the reintegration of the island into the mainland is prioritised, referred to nationally as the One-China principle. For example, in order to establish and maintain diplomatic relations with Beijing, a partner must first relinquish official relations with the Taiwanese government.

Of the 193 member states of the United Nations, just 21 officially recognise Taiwan, with the United States having its official relations terminated after it shifted diplomatic recognition to the People's Republic of China during the Sino-Soviet split in 1979.

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